در اغلب موارد فضای گردشگری شهری بسیار محدودتر و کوچکتر از کل نظام پهنهی شهر است. برنامهریزی گردشگری شهری نیازمند شناخت صحیح از فضاهای گردشگرپذیر در شهر است. این فضاها از سه الگوی خطی، نقطهای و سطحی تشکیل شده است که با فرآیند حرکتی گردشگران معنیدار میشوند. تعیین مسیرهای ویژهی گردشگری رهیافتی جهت تعیین الگوی تراکم حرکتی گردشگران در وضع موجود و بهینه است. هدف از تعیین مسیرهای ویژهی گردشگری، مدیریت اجتماعی- مکانی فضاهای ویژهی گردشگری است. در پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از تلفیق الگوهای خطی، نقطهای و فرآیند حرکتی گردشگران، روشی جهت تعیین مسیرهای ویژهی گردشگری پیشنهاد شده است. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی با استفاده از سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی است. نتایج تحقیق نشان میدهد که الگوی فضایی مناسب برای تعیین مسیرهای ویژهی گردشگری باید در وحلهی اول دارای نگرشی سیستماتیک نسبت به همهی عناصر دخیل در موضوع باشد، میزان جذابیت مقاصد گردشگری را لحاظ نماید، اولویتبندی گردشگران در انتخاب سفرهای درونشهری را رعایت نماید، همزمان اصول و معیارهای شهرسازی در انتخاب مسیرهای بهینه وارد سازد و در نهایت، حداکثر تراکم حرکتی گردشگران در حالت موجود و بهینه را شامل شود.
Provision of Spatial Pattern in Determining Urban Tourism Special Route
(Case study; Shiraz)
In most cases urban tourism space is more limited and smaller than the total area of the city. Urban tourism planning requires an accurate knowledge of the city tourism spaces. This space is composed of three patterns; Linear, point and area that significant by the tourists moving process. Determination of the Tourism Special Route is an approach for determining the density of tourist movement in the existing and optimal status. The aim of determination Tourism Special Route is social-locative management of these areas. In the present study, method is proposed for determining Tourism Special Route by using a combination of linear patterns, spot patterns and the tourists moving process. The methodology is descriptive-analytic by using GIS. results show that the spatial pattern suitable for determining of the Tourism Special Route, in the first stage; should have a systematic approach to all elements involved in this issue, To consider the attractiveness of tourism, Should follow the tourists Prioritize In travel choosing in the city, Should be considered the Principles and Criteria in the selection of optimal Route And finally Include the Maximum of density of tourist movement in the existing and optimal status.
One of the most important sections of tourism destination management is the determination of the city's tourist space. The most important step in the determination of the city's tourist space is the determination of Special tourist routes. Special tourist routes is the Approach due to the movement of tourists in the city, That implementation of tourism strategies in these space by managers and private sector, can play Wonderful change in the sustainability of tourism (Faraj Zade, 2008; 110) Determination of the city's tourist space is the first step in the consciously and purposefully allocate resources in urban tourism space. The aim of analysis of the special tourist routes, determine the priority of organizing space tourism with systematic approach in the urban tourism space management and planning process. This study attempts to provide a model to determination of special tourist routes in the recognition spatial organization of urban tourism. Specific research questions regarding how to set specific Tourism routes and determine the parameters and criteria in this process. This study has been structurally originated from Environmental perception school and Geography as space science and behavioral Geography.
In the present study, using the descriptive-analytic method was paid to analyze the urban tourist routes. The statistical community is tourists that in 1390 have visited the city of Shiraz. Sample size is 196 tourists. Based on data extracted from the questionnaire and data obtained from relevant organizations, at first specified the attractiveness of each of the attractions of the city of Shiraz on the tourist frequency and the 4 main route tourism than 3 main entrance gate to the city has been assessed. Finally tourist optimal route is determined based on criteria to each entrance gates by the network analyst function. In the final section with analysis of dominant pattern of tourists’ movement and optimal routes to the entrance gates of cities, common routes specified that by cutting the join routes, defined specific tourism route.
In the present study, we have determined the density of movement tourists in the city. Tourist optimal routes to the each gate of the city specified by using the principles and criteria (Safarpour, 2010:79) Shiraz Urban tourism routes specified according to attractions prioritized (By tourists) and Map of attractions distribution. The first tourist route specified between scores 10 according to frequency of scores in the attractions. The second tourist route specified between scores 9 according frequency of scores in the attractions. Similarly, the third and fourth routes specified between scores 8 and 7 According to frequency of scores in the attractions. The city of Shiraz has three main entry gates that each to tourism rout evaluated to these gates. Then existing and optimal tourism routes have been overlapping and the shared routes have been extracted by using the Intersect in Arc Map. In the event determination of tourism rout is true this in addition to survey tourists, using the criteria and principals involved in the selection of optimal routes. Thus the optimal routes are set overlapping at each gate and its results overlapping with the existing rout.
Conclusions and Recommendations
Recognition urban tourism space is the function of linear, spot, area patterns and the movement of tourists in this pattern. Determining the Urban Tourism Special Route is one of the most important steps in the correct recognition of urban tourism space. In this study presented model includes various stages which first step is recognizing behavior of tourists choose to visit the attractions. Recognizing the main gate entrance to the city and behavior of tourists in the attraction choosing can be recorded tourists possible move routes (assuming no error in the routing tourists) in the city. Then this process, Criteria for tourism optimal rout specified with survey of traffic expert and tourism managers. Most of the tourists are passing through Tourism Special Route in the existing and optimal situation. Pay attention to special theirs, can lead to the realization of sustainable urban tourism.
کلیدواژه ها [English]
Spatial pattern, Tourism Special Route, Urban, Shiraz