تبیین جامعه شناختی توسعه ی گردشگری در منطقه ی آزاد چابهار

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری جامعه شناسی اقتصادی و توسعه، گروه جامعه شناسی، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم اجتماعی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

2 دانشیار جامعه شناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم اجتماعی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم اجتماعی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران.

10.22080/jtpd.2023.26222.3840

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: در کشور ما به توسعه صنعت گردشگری آنچنان که باید و شاید توجهی نشده است و مدل کاربردی برای آن وجود ندارد، همچنین از دیدگاه جامعه شناختی نه تنها بر روی مدل گردشگری مطالعات اثربخشی انجام نشده، بلکه عاملیت توسعه اقتصادی - اجتماعی نیز در آن در نظر گرفته نشده است. هدف از انجام تحقیق حاضر این است که مدل توسعه اقتصادی - اجتماعی صنعت گردشگری مناطق آزاد ایران از دیدگاه جامعه شناختی تبیین شود.
روش‌شناسی: از طریق نمونه‌گیری هدفمند، اطلاعات 15 نفر از مدیران سازمان منطقه آزاد تجاری-صنعتی چابهار، فعالان گردشگری، مسئولین مرتبط با گردشگری، جامعه محلی و گردشگران، از طریق مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته، گردآوری و تجزیه و تحلیل شد و با استفاده از روش نظریه برخاسته از داده، مدل توسعه اقتصادی-اجتماعی صنعت گردشگری مناطق آزاد ایران از دیدگاه جامعه‌شناختی طراحی گردید.
یافته‌ها: ابعاد مدل توسعه اقتصادی-اجتماعی صنعت گردشگری مناطق آزاد ایران از دیدگاه جامعه‌شناختی را می‌توان در 69 مقوله اصلی و در قالب شرایط علّی، شرایط زمینه‌ای، شرایط مداخله‌گر، راهبردها و پیامدها مقوله‌بندی نمود.
نتیجه‌گیری و پیشنهادات: بکارگیری صحیح این مدل می‌تواند موجب توسعه کشور در سایه راه افتادن موتور توسعه (گردشگری)، ایجاد اشتغال پایدار، رونق کسب‌و‌کارهای خرد و محلی، توسعه گردشگری بین‌المللی، و درآمدزایی بهتر مؤسسه‌های گردشگری شود.
نوآوری و اصالت: ارائه‌ی روش‌هایی نوین برای توسعه گردشگری مناطق آزاد از دیدگاه جامعه‌شناختی؛ از جمله میزان رضایت گردشگران از خدمات اجتماعی، میزان حمایت اجتماعی مؤسسه‌های گردشگری از گردشگران، و میزان مشارکت اجتماعی گردشگران.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


Akbarian Rounizi, S., & Rezvani, M. (2014). Sustainable development of tourism from concept to practice, Shiraz: Shiraz University Publications. (In Persian)
Aldebert, B., Dang, R. J., & Longhi, C. (2020). Innovation in the tourism industry: The case of Tourism@. Tourism management, 32(5), 1204-1213.
Alrawadieh, Z., Cetin, G., Dincer, M. Z., & Istanbullu Dincer, F. (2020). The impact of emotional dissonance on quality of work life and life satisfaction of tour guides. The Service Industries Journal, 40(1-2), 50-64.
Arcese, G., Valeri, M., Poponi, S., & Elmo, G. C. (2021). Innovative drivers for family business models in tourism. Journal of Family Business Management, 11(4), 402-422.
Azis, N., Amin, M., Chan, S., & Aprilia, C. (2020). How smart tourism technologies affect tourist destination loyalty. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, 11(4), 603-625.
Belur, J., Tompson, L., Thornton, A., & Simon, M. (2021). Interrater reliability in systematic review methodology: exploring variation in coder decision-making. Sociological methods & research, 50(2), 837-865.
Buhalis, D. (2020). Technology in tourism-from information communication technologies to eTourism and smart tourism towards ambient intelligence tourism: a perspective article. Tourism Review, 75(1), 267-272.
Cai, W., Richter, S., & McKenna, B. (2019). Progress on technology use in tourism. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, 10(4), 651-672.
Clavé, S. A., Nogués, J. B., Orama, J. A., & Soto, M. T. R. (2021). The changing role of tourism-oriented theme parks as everyday entertainment venues during COVID-19. In Tourism Dynamics in Everyday Places (pp. 245-261). Routledge.
Cohen, S. A., & Cohen, E. (2019). New directions in the sociology of tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 22(2), 153-172.
Dadazade-Silabi, P., & Ahmadifard, N. (2019). Determine the Key Factors of Tourism Development Based on Future Research Approach (Case Study: Mazandaran Province). Geography and Environmental Sustainability, 9(1), 73-89. (In Persian)
Destek, M. A., & Aydın, S. (2022). An empirical note on tourism and sustainable development nexus. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(23), 34515-34527.
Ghanipour Tafarshi, M. (2011). Investigating the impact of urban tourism on the city's economy: a case study of Shahr Lahijan. Urban planning master's thesis, Gillan University. (In Persian)
Ghorbani, R., Salamati, S., Mohajeri, L., & Arzhangi, H. (2021). Assessing the effects of tourism on the development of the urban economy (Case study: Ardabil city). Geography and Human Relationships, 3(4), 542-556. (In Persian)
Haghighat Ghahfarokhi, F., Hosseini, S. A., Ghaderi, E., & Mahmudzadeh, S. M. (2023). Semantic Analysis of women's identity construction in tourism (Case study: women working in ecolodges of Kerman province). Woman in Development & Politics, 21(1), 82-53. (In Persian)
Hall, C. M., Scott, D., & Gössling, S. (2020). Pandemics, transformations and tourism: Be careful what you wish for. Tourism geographies, 22(3), 577-598.
Hasanvand, S., & Khodapanah, M. (2014). The impact of tourism on economic growth in developing countries: Two approaches static panel data and dynamic panel data. Quarterly Journal of The Macro and Strategic Policies, 2(6), 87-102. (In Persian)
Ivanov, S., & Webster, C. (2020). Robots in tourism: A research agenda for tourism economics. Tourism Economics, 26(7), 1065-1085.
Khajehnabei, F., Zand Moghadam, M. R., & Korkeh Abadi, Z. (2020). Analysis of Social, Cultural, Economic, Environmental and Institutional Structures in the Growth and Development of Urban Tourism, Case Study: Galugah City. Journal of Urban Ecology Researches, 11(21), 13-28. (In Persian)
Khani, F., & Gharibzadeh, G. (2010). Application of mathematical model in measuring the success rate of tourism in geographical areas, Bushehr case study. Geography and Environmental Studies, 2(4), 49-63. (In Persian)
Khatib Semnani, M., & Fathi, M. (2011). Investigating tourism development solutions in West Azarbaijan province. Financial Economics, 6(18), 95-112. (In Persian)
Kohi Habibi, N. (2015). Investigating the factors influencing the host community's support for the development of urban tourism, a case study of the city of Isfahan, Jolfa neighborhood. Master’s thesis, urban planning field, supervisor Dr. Nasser Barakpour, University of Isfahan. (In Persian)
Kontogianni, A., & Alepis, E. (2020). Smart tourism: State of the art and literature review for the last six years. Array, Vol. 6, 1-12.
Li, X., Law, R., Xie, G., & Wang, S. (2021). Review of tourism forecasting research with internet data. Tourism Management, Vol. 83, 1-11.
McKercher, B. (2020). Cultural tourism market: a perspective paper. Tourism Review, 75(1), 126-129.
Mirzaie, H., & Jalili, S. (2012). Impact of Tourism Development on Economic Growth (Compared to Iran and Selected Countries). Financial Economics, 5(15), 73-92. (In Persian)
Moradpoor, N., & Taghavi Ziravani, E. (2017). Explain the impact of tourism on the development of urban walkability index (Case study: Khorramabad). Urban Tourism, 4(2), 99-112. (In Persian)
Mosavi, M., Aftab, A., Majnoni, A., & Niromand, S. (2019). Development of Rural areas Tourism with emphasis on priorities for investment in infrastructure) case study: Eastern Azarbaijan Province). Geographical Planning of Space, 9(31), 35-54. (In Persian)
Nargesi, S., Babaki, R., & Effati, M. (2018).  Investigating the relationship between tourism, economic growth and financial development in Iran (1368-1395). Financial Economic. 12(44), 41-68. (In Persian)
Pencarelli, T. (2020). The digital revolution in the travel and tourism industry. Information Technology & Tourism, 22(3), 455-476.
Richards, G. (2021). Cultural tourism. In Archaeological Displays and the Public (pp. 1-11). Routledge.
Ritchie, B. W., & Jiang, Y. (2019). A review of research on tourism risk, crisis and disaster management: Launching the annals of tourism research curated collection on tourism risk, crisis and disaster management. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 79, 1-15.
Sabbagh Kermani, M., & Amirian, S. (2000). Investigating the economic effects of tourism in the Islamic Republic of Iran using data-output analysis. Iraninan Jouornal of Trade Studies, 4(16), 57-83. (In Persian)
Salehpour, S., Riahy, V., Azizi, A., & Fathizade, F. (2019). The Feasibility of rural tourism development with an emphasis on sustainable development approach. Journal of Studies of Human Settlements Planning, 14(1), 111-127. (In Persian)
Seddighi, H. R., Nuttall, M. W., & Theocharous, A. L. (2021). Does cultural background of tourists influence the destination choice? An empirical study with special reference to political instability. Tourism management, 22(2), 181-191.
Sharif, A., Afshan, S., Chrea, S., Amel, A., & Khan, S. A. R. (2020). The role of tourism, transportation and globalization in testing environmental Kuznets curve in Malaysia: new insights from quantile ARDL approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 27, 25494-25509.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Procedures and techniques for developing grounded theory, Sage Publication.
Streimikiene, D., Svagzdiene, B., Jasinskas, E., & Simanavicius, A. (2021). Sustainable tourism development and competitiveness: The systematic literature review. Sustainable development, 29(1), 259-271.
Taghvaei, M., & Safarabadi, A. (2011). The role of urban management in achieving sustainable development of urban tourism in the city of Kermanshah. Arid Regions Geographic Studies, 1(4), 35-52. (In Persian)
Timothy, D. J. (2021). Cultural heritage and tourism. Channel View Publications.
Viglia, G., & Dolnicar, S. (2020). A review of experiments in tourism and hospitality. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 80, 1-15.
Ye, B. H., Ye, H., & Law, R. (2020). Systematic review of smart tourism research. Sustainability, 12(8), 1-15.‏
Zargham Boroujeni, H., & Sedaghat, M. (2018). A Process Model for Sustainable Tourism Development of Islamic Republic of Iran (A Grounded Theory Model Based on Five-Year Economic, Social and Cultural Plans of Iran). Journal of Tourism and Development, 7(3), 25-73. (In Persian)